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8 Types Of Excavation Used In Construction

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Whether you want to construct a commercial or a residential building, roadways, bridges, or install pipes and underground utility lines, the land needs to be inspected and prepared to ensure it provides a strong foundation. Excavation is an important part of any construction project. The process uses different tools and techniques to move soil, rock, and other material to form a cavity and prepare the area for construction. Building companies use several different types of excavation in construction. The type of excavation used depends on the material used and the purpose.
Here are some types of excavation in construction listed by material and purpose:
Excavation by Material
Topsoil Excavation As the name suggests, this type of excavation involves the removal of the exposed or the topmost area of the earth’s surface. The excavation method removes vegetation, soil, and any other decaying material that could make the land unsuitable to bear structural loads.
Rock Excavation This type of exca…

A Takeuchi Skid Steer for Farming

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For many ranches, a skid-steer loader is just as vital to the operation as a feed truck or a four-wheeler. These machines are extremely versatile. They have a small footprint for their capacity, and a good operator can make quick work of common tasks. However, there are several things to consider before purchasing a machine.
THE DEMO You wouldn't buy a new truck without a test drive. The same should be true for machines. At Top Lift Enterprises we allow serious buyers to "demo" a new machine. Always test drive the brand and size of machine you want to buy before making a purchase.
NEW OR USED New machines will always have the latest upgrades and the shiniest paint for they come without the worries of past abuse. If you are the kind of person who always buys a brand-new truck, this might be the best option for you. However, there are many good used machines available too. Unless you know what to look for, it is best to buy used machines from a dealer like us here at Top Li…

6 Tips to Your Excavator Running Smoothly

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The undercarriage of tracked heavy equipment, such as crawler excavators, consists of many moving components that need to be maintained for them to function properly. If the undercarriage is not routinely inspected and maintained, it can easily cost you valuable time, money and potentially decrease the track’s life span.
By following these 6 tips!
1: Keep the Undercarriage Clean
At the end of each workday, excavator operators should take time to clean out dirt and other debris that may lead to undercarriage buildup. Shovels and pressure washers can be used to help clean the undercarriage. In addition, debris can add weight to the undercarriage, reducing fuel economy.
2: Routinely Inspect the Undercarriage
It is important to complete a full undercarriage inspection for excessive or uneven wear, as well as look for damaged or missing components. If the machine is being used in harsh applications or other challenging conditions, the undercarriage may need to be inspected more frequentl…

Hazards of Excavation

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Before excavating, the gas, electrical, and other services in the area must be accurately located and marked. If the service poses a hazard, it must be shut off and disconnected. Over half of all powerline contacts involve buried cable.
One of the biggest hazards related to trenching and excavation is the risk of cave-ins. An unstable trench or excavation can collapse, killing or injuring workers by suffocation or crushing when a worker is buried by falling soil. Trench stability is affected by a number of factors such as: ·improper use or installation of support system or trench box ·soil type and moisture content ·weather ·vibration ·depth of the trench ·length of time the trench is left open ·surcharge (excessive weight near the trench) ·adjacent buildings and structures ·existing foundations, and ·previous excavations or soil disturbances.
There are three basic methods of protecting workersagainst trench cave-ins:
·sloping ·shoring